Publisher Studio Vista, Ltd.


Introduction by R. Buckminster Fuller

(extracts from page 331 of 331-334)



" In the production of " MONUMENT " , the frequency and amplitude of the flying-

spot deflection was controlled by applying tones from the wave-forms generators.

Thus image distortions occured during the acutal process of transforming original

image material into video signals, since the scan that produces the signal was

electromagnetically altered.

In principle this process is similar to methods used by
Nam June Paik and others,

except that the Swedish group applied the techniques at an early stage in the video process,
before signal or videotape information existed. "

Gene Youngblood. 1969


Sent: Monday, April 29, 2002 2:46 AM
Subject: CD


I looked at your CD last week with Woody and Steina.
We were all much impressed.
Your early work was artistically beautiful and technically very interesting.
Thanks very much for sending it.

----- Original Message -----
Sent: Thursday, April 11, 2002 1:25 PM
Subject: Re: Have you received the CD ?

Yes I've received the CD. Thanks.
I haven't looked at it yet because I don't have easy access to a Mac.
Steina has one but she's out of town.
We'll look at it together when she gets back.

----- Original Message -----
Sent: Wednesday, March 13, 2002 1:48 AM
Subject: Re: expanded cinema


I would be pleased to have a CD of your early works.
I would show them in my classes on the history of video art.
As for finding a host on the Web,the only possibility I'm aware of is the Art and Science Laboratory (the Vasulkas), and what they post on their site is not my decision but theirs.

I would certainly show your work to them.

Gene Youngblood

Moving Image Arts Department
College of Santa Fe
1600 St. Michael's Drive
Santa Fe, NM 87505  USA



Video Exhibition Advisors:

Brian Hoey and Wendy Brown.

Biddick Farm Art Centre

Washington/Newcastle-England - October - November 1979.

extracts from exhibition catalogue;


" In the mid 1960's Nam June Paik bought the first portable video kit available in New York and recorded his taxi ride to an Art Gallery where the tape was replayed.

This is often claimed to be the first video art tape.

Was it ?

The event is significant as an early demonstration of the

equipment's capabilities but is the tape itself anything other

than the documentation of a taxi ride?


Certainly one of the earliest examples of a video tape in whish the creators have consciously manipulated the electronic signals that form the picture is " TIME " by Ture Sjolander and Bror Wikstrom.

This was produced in 1965-66 and was followed in 1967 by MONUMENT , on which Sjolander collaborated with Lars Weck.

Rather than the artist 're-presenting' images, these works show a decisive stage in the video artist's ability to manipulate his medium in a manner akin to other, more traditional, art forms.

" Time " and " Monument " were broadcast on Swedish television and it is ironic that these pioneers works had, for technical reasons, to be transferred to film to facilitate their eventual broadcast."


Brian Hoey & Wendy Brown

September 1979 - London


The First Video Art - First Video Synthesizer
Satellite Art project with USA 1966
The largest daily news paper in Sweden
Bonnier AB
This article about:  "TIME" by Ture Sjolander and Bror Wikstrom, 
 was published in Dagens Nyheter
August 29, 1966.
Signed: DIA
(Dick Idestam-Almqvist)
TV  "exposes" the present in electronic pictures during the Jazz Festival.
"We want to exhibit, not to inhibit"
So the artists Ture Sjolander and Bror Wikstrom say, of current interest as they are for the coming jazz festival within the Festival of Stockholm. Some time during the three days of the jazz festival (Sept 16 - 18) the two picture experimenter's new film is shown on TV. It is ready made for TV with the apparatus of the TV and with the basic function of the TV before one's sight.
Some year ago Sjolander and Wikstrom brought about a sensation by exposing pictures on giant billboards outdoor's in Stockholm's City. If you had something to display you shouldn't fence it, neither in the museums nor among the private art galleries, but expose it where people are to be found, they thought.
So consequently they have chosen the biggest medium of communication, television, for their latest exhibition.
Sjolander - Wikstrom are fully conscious of the topicalness of today, another reason for choosing television. What else can be more actual than to demonstrate the formal possibilities of TV, and what else can be more actual than mirror the present while you are demonstrating these formal possibilities?
"Scanner" re-interprets.
"Time" is the name of the exhibition, which is based upon various actualities that Sjolander-Wikstrom have come across during the spring, for instance "Gemini" and foetal-pictures.
The main part is taken up by the very much to fore avant-garde jazz-musician Don Cherry and his quintet at the Golden Circle.
The pictures are run through a specially built "scanner", an apparatus that in the ordinary cases is producing "real" pictures, but which in this synthesized state is "re-interpreting" what the camera has seen, and thus is creating new pictures. The technicians and the artists have decided what the apparatus looks like, and the apparatus has decided what the pictures look like.
The present is reflected.
Consequently the couple Sjolander-Wikstrom is demonstrating a phenomenon that is very much up to date just now: the electronic "machine" picture.
The Korean Nam June Paik is for the moment sitting at the Swedish Radio and is working with similar things. He will show his result at the festival of Fylkingen "Visions of the Present".
But this will take place one week after Sjolander-Wikstrom's demonstration, televised on Swedish National Television.
Ture Sjolander and Bror Wikstrom hold that they by "TIME" have accomplished a total reflection of the present. Novelties and actualities have been interpreted by an apparatus that per se is a novelty and an actuality. A vision of the present.
Their Ideas they spread in different quises like rings on the water. "Time" will be shown at ABF (The Worker's Federation of Culture) during the festival, still pictures of the film - made on silk-screen - will be exposed, and an edition of 300 prints have already been sold to MULTIART, the darling of Kristian Romare.
Finally a summary of the film will be edited in book-form very soon.
 And then, furthermore, Sjolander-Wikstrom are negotiating just now about contributing at the festival which the Americans of "Fylkingen" are planning in New York in October.
Possibly parts of "Time" are going to be transmitted by satellite.
(Journalist Dick Idestam-Almqvist)
Dagens Nyheter Sweden

----Original Message Follows----
From: Christopher Meigh Andrews <cmeigh-andrews@uclan.ac.uk>
To:Ture Sjolander
Subject: RE: Monument
Date: Wed, 01 Jun 2005 12:14:19 +0100


As you rightly say, there is a sense in which the American artists have
written everybody else out of the history of video art. I would like to
put some people (such as yourself) back in! I would like to use an image
or two from the stills of Monument that I have found on the web, but
they are very low resolution. Would you be willing to e-mail an image of
greater resolution? (300dpi would be best- jpeg or tiff, if possible)
also, i attach a little form so that you grant me the rights to
reproduce the image in the book. Is this OK? if so, please fill it in
and send it back to me.

I would like to do more than simply paraphrase what Gene (Youngblood)
has written in Expanded Cinema, which as you say is what M. Rush has
done. Any chance that you can tell me a little bit more about your ideas
with Monument and how it began? I will of course piece togther what I
can from the web site, and from what Aapo Saask has written. I also will
talk to Brian Hoey and Peter Donebauer. i also have the Biddick Farm
catalogue from the exhibtion at Tyne & Wear, which has a little info.

All best wishes to you- and i will certainly send your regards to Brian
& Peter!!!


Dr. Chris Meigh-Andrews PhD (RCA) MA, HDCP
Electronic & Digital Art Unit
38 St. Peters Street
Preston PR1 7BS

Tel: 01772-893204
Fax: 01772-892921
Mobile: 07855954298

www. meigh-andrews.com